GENERAL FIRST AID COMMENTS:
1 PROTECT ATTENDANTS. Animals in emergency situations are
often in pain and many humans caring for them get bitten. Animals
that have "never bit before" will often do so when in pain or going
into shock. Use towels or blankets or cloth muzzles (such as
bathrobe ties) to control the animal and lessen the risk to care
2. CONTROL BLEEDING. Direct pressure with a clean cloth is best.
3. VOMITING AND DIARRHEA. Of these two symptoms, vomiting
is often more serious. Take food away for 12 hours and water away
for 4 hours. When you resume giving water, give ice chips and small
quanities at first to make sure your pet can hold it down. If
diarrhea is occuring along with this, nothing can be done at home
until the vomiting stops. Once it does, diarrhea can often be
managed through diet. Mixing your pet's food half and half with
cottage cheese or cooked white rice often aides resolution of
diarrhea. THE EXCEPTION TO THIS IS IN THE CASE OF PROFUSE VOMITING
AND DIARRHEA, OFTEN WITH BLOOD, SEEN PREDOMINANTLY IN YOUNG
PUPPIES. THIS OFTEN MEANS PARVO VIRUS AND THIS MUST BE TREATED
BY THE VETERINARIAN QUICKLY AS THERE IS A HIGH DEATH RATE IN
4. DIFFICULT BREATHING (DYSPNEA). Nothing should be done at
home. Your pet should be seen immediately.
5. OBVIOUS FRACTURES. Support fractured leg with a splint. A
magazine rolled about the fractured leg and taped in place is good.
Sticks and pieces of lumber work as well. Be sure to get the splint
on snug but not tight.
6. SUSPECTED BACK OR NECK INJURIES Support your pet on a
firm back support such as a board, stretcher, etc. and transport
flat to the veterinarian.
7. SUSPECTED BEES STINGS OR INSECT BITES Apply cool
compresses to the site (be careful as this might not be tolerated
well by the patient) and contact your veterinarian. You may be
advised to administer doses of antihistamine, or in extreme cases,
you may need to see the veterinarian on emergency call if it is
felt that the patient may have difficulty breathing or may be going
8. SUSPECTED SPRAIN, STRAIN, OR MUSCLE PULL Again cool
water compresses work well but may not be tolerated well by the
pet. Absolutely confine and limit the pet's exercise until your pet
can be seen by your veterinarian.