Animal Medical Services
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Frequently Asked Questions 

First Aid Kit for Pets

I often get this question so here is my list:

  1. Gauze pads- 20 either 3 or 4 inch square pads
  2. "q tips" or cotton tipped applicators (again about 20)
  3. tongue depressors- 5-10. Use to apply medications or as small splints
  4. roll gauze- one roll each of 2 inch wide and 4 inch wide roll gauze.
  5. tape- medical or athletic white tape. One roll each of 1 and 2 inch widths.
  6. "tweezer" like forceps.
  7. magnifying glass
  8. hemostat
  9. tourniquet (a 1 or 2 inch wide elastic band will do)
  10. neosporin ointment*
  11. cortaid ointment
  12. hydrogen peroxide- for wound care and can be used to induce vomiting.*
  13. syringes- 2 each of the following sizes: 3 cc, 6 cc, and 12 cc. NO NEEDLES.
  14. clean hand towel
  15. PVC pipe- 1,2, and/or 3 inch diameter pipe cut lengthwise into halves and long enough to extend from the foot to the elbow of the pet. These can act as temporary splints.
  16. Activated Charcoal for oral use in suspected poisonings.*
  17. Physiological saline eye wash.*
  18. non-steroidal ophthalmic (eye) ointment.*
  19. murine or visine eye drops.*
  20. elastic or "Ace" bandages- 1 each of the 2 inch wide and the 4 inch wide bandages.

The items marked with the asterisk should only be used after contacting a veterinarian.

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Pregnancy Length in Dogs and cats.

Normal gestation in the dog and cat (that is what "pregnancy" is called in animals) normally runs 57-63 days or about 8 weeks.  The birthing process in dogs is called "whelping" and "queening" in cats. The birthing process can take up to 24 hours to complete. Usually, the animals that have had more litters go through the birthing quicker. In either species, active labor (straining as if trying to have a bowel movement) that proceeds for 90 minutes without the birth of an offspring is abnormal and you need to call us or the Emergency Veterinarian on call. 

Polyuria-- increased urine volume by the pet

A common symptom described by pet owners is increased urination by their dog or cat. This should be checked into as there are several disease processes that could be involved. Liver and kidney ailments as well as diabetes are all possible. Bladder infections can also cause what may look like an increase in volume but it is often normal volume but released in frequent small amounts. Blood in the urine as well as increased effort to urinate also fit the cystitis pattern. Urinalysis and/or blood tests can reveal the problem and steps can be taken to resolve it. 

Do exotic pets or birds need vaccinations?

Vaccinations are not required in these animals. Bi-annual examinations are strongly suggested to detect problems. These animals have more of a tendency to hide their clinical signs until those diseases are very advanced. Treatment, then, is more difficult, more urgent, and much more expensive.

Client worried about anesthesia in her pet.

We have inquiries made every day about the safety of our anesthetics in pets. While no anesthetic is without risk, I have put together an arsenal of agents that cover the wide array of situations and animals that I deal with every day. In addition, we work through a pre-anesthetic procedure and tests that further increase the anesthetic margin of safety.

1. Pre-anesthetic examination and review of the medical history. Many things can influence an animal's response to an anesthetic. Species, age, breed, previous or ongoing medical conditions, as well as body weight can influence the procedure. I review the history and examine each patient before anesthesia.

2. Pre-anesthetic blood work. We offer each owner the option of pre-anesthetic blood work to check for disorders of electrolyte balance, glucose metabolism, kidney or liver function, and subclinical infections. These are optional in many cases of elective procedures--- spays, neuters, dentals, ear flushes--- but are required prior to other procedures.

3. During the procedure we utilize technology that allows us to detect changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and electrical activity in the heart. All of these parameters are affected by the anesthetic.

I believe that we take the necessary precautions to properly care for your pet. 


Animal Medical Services P.C.
2918 Mt. Vernon Avenue
Evansville, IN 47712
Phone: 812-423-2000
Fax: 812-423-2645